What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are the aromatic compounds produced in the cannabis or hemp plants. The organic compounds produce a variety of smells and contribute to both the taste and overall experience of a cannabis product. All plants contain terpenes and act as an immune defense system against foreign pathogens and are a natural insecticide.
These aromatic compounds not only help the overall health of the cannabis plant, but contribute to what is known as the Entourage Effect. The Entourage Effect refers to a breakthrough in scientific research that shows botanical extracts from cannabis actually are more effective when the whole plant extract with all of it’s constituents are included versus typical single-molecule or isolated compounds.
Terpenes Role in the Entourage Effect
Many in both the scientific community and users of cannabis believe that the Entourage Effect and overall experience is largely influenced by the terpene profile contained in these product. Much more research is needed to show the full potential of these full-spectrum extracts, but there is a large amount of anecdotal evidence to show that these types of cannabis products containing terpenes are much more effective for treating a wide-array of symptoms in smaller doses. The whole point of using a naturally derived, botanical extract from cannabis is to use the minimal effective dose. Plant-based therapies have always taken this approach and cannabis or hemp should be treated no different.